Ancient Hebrew

Abraham and The Three YHWH’s

Abraham and 3

Shalom all, as I begin writing this article I need to remind you, the reader, to keep an open mind on these very misinterpreted chapters in the English bible. I am talking about Genesis 18 and 19. I recently watched a Benny Hinn program with Dr. Michael Brown as a guest and who made a reference to these chapters saying that YHWH and two Angels visited Abraham. I was a little shocked to say the least because Dr.Brown is a Hebrew scholar and for him to make such a statement is beyond misinformed. I know what many of you must be thinking, “But Dr.Brown is right, there were two Angels with YHWH.” But is this really true according to the Hebrew? I say no it is not and Dr.Brown like many other have ignored the Hebrew and have decided to follow tradition rather then the Hebrew bible. Let me explain, I am about to show you that not only was one messenger YHWH but also the other two messengers were YHWH as well. These two chapter are proof texts for the plural persons of God as Father, Son and Holy Spirit. We will be looking at the English and Hebrew translation to show you the truth that has been buried with man made tradition. Dr.Brown is also guilty of this wrongful and gross misunderstanding by rejecting this view and the Hebrew that shows it.

Let us begin with Genesis chapter 18 and verse 1.

“And YHWH appeared…”  (Genesis 18:1)

The Hebrew word for “appeared” means to literally be seen and to present oneself. This means that YHWH visibly appeared to Abraham but what did Abraham see?

“And he (Abraham) lift up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three men stood by him: and when he saw [them], he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed himself toward the ground,” (Genesis 18:2)

We read that Abraham lifted up his eyes to see three men standing by him and ran to meet THEM and prostrated himself to the ground as an act of worship. Is this how you greet two Angels with YHWH? Abraham greeted them all the same and the next verse is astonishing.

“And said, YHWH, if now I have found  favor (grace in Hebrew) in thy sight, pass not away, I pray thee, from thy servant:” (Genesis 18:3)

Your English translation will not have the name of God but will probably say, “my Lord or Lords” This is not the correct translation for this verse. The Hebrew is Adonai with the Hebrew qamets vowel which is ONLY used for YHWH and only YHWH. The Scriptures Bible translates this verse correctly with the name YHWH in the passage. Many Jewish commentaries on this verse try to explain this by saying that Abraham was only addressing YHWH and not the two messengers but as we will see that is not the case.

I need to explain that when the Hebrew bible was being written by the Masoretes they made changes to the word YHWH and replaced the name with Adonai with the vowel qamets so that when you read Adonai with qamets you were reading a place in the passage with the name of God namely YHWH. This was noted in their margins for preferred reading. These changes were noted by Jewish and Hebrew scholar Dr.Christian D.Ginsberg. In a 134 places the Scribes removed the name YHWH and substituted with Adonai with qamets. In a further 8 places the name YHWH was replaced by the term Elohim. These changes have been collected by Dr.Ginsberg in his book, Introduction to the Messorectico-Critical Edition of the Hebrew Bible, Ktav publishing House Inc. New York. So in Genesis 18:3 you should be reading YHWH and not “my Lord or Lords”. Let us now continue.

“And THEY said,” (Genesis 18:5)

In verse 5 we read “they said” but who is the THEY? It appears that all three are speaking in one voice. This type of conversation only happens in the Bible when God or YHWH speaks. In Exodus Moses heard VOICES plural from the mountain. We see this again in verse 9 after Abraham brought THEM food and stood by THEM as they ate.

“And THEY said unto him, Where [is] Sarah thy wife? And he said, Behold, in the tent.” (Genesis 18:9) 

Here they speak again in one voice and ask for Sarah his wife. How can Angels speak in one voice with YHWH? This is unheard of in the Hebrew bible. No such thing happens. Only YHWH speaks this way in a plural voice. In verse 10 we read that YHWH speaks as a singular person as well.

“And HE said,” (Genesis 18:10)

YHWH then asks why his wife Sarah laughed when He told him that He would return when he had his son. We now know that YHWH is really present with them but again the question asked is, how many YHWH’s are there? We see so far that all three speak as one voice and at least one of them is actually YHWH who speaks. Let us now continue.

“And YHWH said, Shall I hide from Abraham that thing which I do;” (Genesis 18:17)

Here we read YHWH asking a question to the other two messengers but it is only YHWH who answers himself in verse 20. YHWH then says HE will go down to Sodom and Gamorah in verse 21.

“Please! I shall descend and I shall see?  (YHWH speaking) And see whether they have done altogether according to the cry of it, which is come unto me; and if not, I will know.” (Genesis 18:21)

Here YHWH answers but does he answer himself or is he talking to the two messenger that HE will go down? In verse 22 the two men went toward Sodom and YHWH stood with Abraham. Why did YHWH say he was going but didn’t? Let us continue reading.

“And YHWH went his way, as soon as he had left communing with Abraham: and Abraham returned unto his place.” (Genesis 18:33)

After Abraham finished pleading and negotiating with YHWH about how many righteous people could be in Sodom YHWH went away. The only ones left where Abraham and the two messengers who left to Sodom. When the two messengers arrived at Sodom Lot did something unusual.

“And there came two messengers to Sodom at evening; and Lot sat in the gate of Sodom: and Lot seeing [them] rose up to meet them; and he bowed himself with his face toward the ground;” (Genesis 19:1)

Lot went to meet them and when he did he did what Abraham did, Lot bowed himself with his face to the ground and the two messengers let him. The messengers never told him to rise because they were only Angels. They excepted the worship as before with Abraham. Lot then asked them to stay as did Abraham. The two messengers then spoke as one again in verse 2.

“And THEY said, No; but we will abide in the open square all night.” (Genesis 19:2)

It isn’t until verse 13 and following were things become interesting and clear to the reader of who these two men and messengers are.

“For we will destroy this place, because the cry of them is grown great before the face of the YHWH; and YHWH hath sent us to destroy it.” (Genesis 19:13)

In this verse the two messengers explain that they were sent to destroy the city by YHWH because the sins of Sodom are great before the face of YHWH. Does this verse prove that the two messengers are just messengers and not YHWH? Let us continue.

“And it came to pass, when they had brought them outside, that he said, Escape for thy life; look not behind, neither stay anywhere in the plain; escape to the mountain, lest thou be consumed.” (Genesis 19:17)

When the two messengers took them outside the city and told Lot and his family to flee Lot answered them and addressed them by the name  YHWH and said if he was THEIR servant and if he found grace in THEIR eyes then they would spare him and his family in order to make it to the mountain.

“And Lot said TO THEM, Oh no, YHWH: Behold now, thy servant hath found grace in thy sight, and thou hast magnified thy mercy, which thou hast showed unto me in saving my life; and I cannot escape to the mountain, lest some evil take me, and I die:” (Genesis 19;18-19)

Lot addressed THEM as YHWH according to this verse and according to Dr.C.D. Ginsberg. This was one of the verses that was changed from YHWH to Adonai with qamets. Out of the 142 places this was one of them along with Genesis 18:3. There should be no doubt of this change since it was discovered in the margins of the MT Hebrew scripts. The two messengers reply and tell Lot that he has found grace in their eyes and that they cannot destroy the city until they arrive safely in the city called Zoar. There is NO place in the entire Hebrew bible where mere Angels or created beings can give grace like they did unless they are YHWH. This grace passage is the same one that was spoken by Abraham to YHWH and now the messengers respond with grace to Lot. Either these men are YHWH or the name YHWH has no special meaning and anyone can take the name and apply it to themselves in the bible. The very next verse tells you who these men are.

“Then YHWH rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from YHWH out of heaven;” (Genesis 19:24)

There should be little doubt that these two messengers and men were YHWH who rained down fire and brimstone from YHWH in heaven since YHWH left Abraham and went back to heaven. ALL of the evidence for three men who were ALL called YHWH is overwhelming. The Hebrew bible and the Jewish Hebrew scholar Dr.Ginsberg makes note of the changes in the MT which puts these men to be more then just Angels or mere messengers as many suggest.

FINAL NOTE: The word used in the English bibles for these men are Angels which is a Greek term and not a Hebrew word. The word literally in Hebrew is Malak and means Messenger and not Angel. The term Malak and even Angel can be used of anyone including YHWH himself in Genesis 16 by Hagar and in Genesis 22 where the Messenger of YHWH is the one who blesses Abraham and takes credit for everything Abraham is about to do and accomplish in obeying his voice. Do not let anyone tell you different in regard to who these men were who appeared to Abraham. They were YHWH as ONE and revealed themselves as men and messengers.

Jewish books written during the captivity in Babylon in 536 B.C. to the destruction of the Second Temple in AD 70 taught the mystery of the YHWH based on this very passage in Deuteronomy 6:4. The Zohar teaches:

“We have said in many places, that this daily form of prayer is one of those passages concerning the Unity, which is taught in the Scriptures. In Deut. 6:4, we read first YHWH, then, our God, and again, YHWH, which together make one Unity. But how can three Names [three beings] be one? Are they verily one, because we call them one? How three can be one can only be known through the revelation of the Holy Spirit, and, in fact, with closed eyes. This is also the mystery of the voice. The voice is heard only as one sound, yet it consists of three substances, fire, wind, and water, but all three are one, as indicated through the mystery of the voice. Thus are (Deut. 6:4) YHWH our-Elohim, YHWH is one!,’ but One Unity, three Substantive Beings which are One; and this is indicated by the voice which are One; and this is indicated by the voice which a person uses in reading the words, ‘Hear, O Israel,’ thereby comprehending with the understanding the most perfect Unity of Him who is infinite; because all three (YHWH, Elohim, YHWH) are read with one voice, which indicates a Trinity.”

Genesis 19:24 – “And the Word of the Lord Himself had made to descend upon the people of Sedom and Amorah showers of favour, that they might work repentance from their wicked works. But when they saw the showers of favour, they said, So, our wicked works are not manifest before Him. He turned (then), and caused to descend upon them bitumen and fire from before the Lord from the heavens” (Jerusalem Targum, translated by J. W. Etheridge).

We also must remember that we are created (bara\shape and form) in God’s image and likeness and the Hebrew defines these words as “shape and form” These Hebrew words tell us what God looks like because we are in HIS shape and form. We resemble HIM and are in HIS figure. These words are used in the Hebrew bible to describe making idols which are in the image and likeness of the thing that is being made. Should it be a surprise that YHWH God appears in human form? We are in HIS shape and form and NOT the other way around.


When we look at the Hebrew name YHWH it literally means “He Exists” but in Hebrew words can be divided up to represent a deeper meaning. In Hebrew the Yod and Hey can be used for the name of God namely YHWH all by themselves. I can write, for example, the Yod and that Hebrew letter can mean YHWH or the letter Hey would do the same. Each of those letters by themselves can represent the name of God, YHWH. Just like the Hebrew letter Chet alone means “Life”. So if we separate the name YHWH we can see three YHWH in the very name, see below.



W=and in Hebrew


“Eliezer’s father said to him: Come and see the mystery of the word, Y’H’W’H: there are three steps, each existing by itself; nevertheless they are One, and so united that one cannot be separated from the other.” (Zohar, vol. iii., p.65, Amsterdam Edition)

The three letters ALL represent YHWH with the Waw in Hebrew which means “and”. YHWH, YHWH And YHWH is what we read when we space the letters. Only individuals who are deep in the ancient Hebrew will confirm what I just stated. The common practice of spacing and using letters in Hebrew even as numbers are used by Rabbi’s and scholars in Israel. They are rarely used here in the West by Hebrew scholars including Dr.Brown who is outdated in his research. If you have further questions regarding this article please feel free to contact me at the bottom for further discussion. Thank you and shalom

Al Garza PhD

The Hebrew














Ancient Hebrew

Genesis 1:1: To Create or To Fill and Form?

The most used verse in the Bible to try and prove that God created the Universe and the earth out of nothing is Genesis 1:1. Though we as believers do believe that God can create out of nothing, does this verse really teach and say that? We need to examine the Hebrew of the passage and consider that the idea of creating out of nothing has more of a traditional view when looking at this verse then a real biblical view that Moses intended. Lets look at the more literal Hebrew word for word of Genesis 1:1 below.

“In a beginning he filled and formed, God, the skies and the land”

The first thing you will notice is that there is no definite article “the” after In and that is because there is no article in the Hebrew either. The Hebrew Berisheet literally means “In (bet) resheet (first, chief, summit, beginning) with no article “hey” in Hebrew. The next Hebrew word that follows is “bara” and this word in its ancient form literally means to “form, shape and fill” The idea to create out of nothing derives from the Greek and Latin tradition. “Bara” is in the third person singular and means that Elohim filled and formed\shaped the skies and the land. We know this because the next verse in the passage reads as follows,

“And the land was without form and empty;”

Genesis 1:1 was not written to be used as a scientific explanation of how things came to be but was written to tell us how things are without question. At some point in time God shaped, formed and filled the skies and the land in 6 literal days. Let us look at more evidence of this ancient Hebraic understanding. As you continue reading Genesis we see the dividing, filling and forming.

1. Day one is the dividing of the light and the darkness.                         4. Day four is the filling of the sun and the moon

2. Day two is the dividing of the sky and the waters.                               5. Day five is the filling of the fish and the birds

3. Day three is the dividing of the water and the land.                            6. Day six is the filling of the plants and animals\fish

On day six, Genesis 1:27, we also have the “bara” of man which is NOT the creating out of nothing but the shaping and forming of man from the dust of the ground. God then filled man with the breath of life. “Bara” is used to describe creating man and is the same Hebrew word as in Genesis 1:1. We must keep everything in its Hebrew context and not a Greek and Latin one. Genesis 1:1 is telling us what God did and not how and why.

Al Garza PhD

The Hebrew



Ancient Hebrew

The Picture of Passover in Ancient Hebrew

Every year we celebrate what we have come to call Easter in place of Passover here in the US. This article will hopefully show the importance of Passover in connection with the death of the Messiah Yeshua (Jesus). The passover in the TaNaKh (OT) through the ancient Hebrew will help us understand the meaning of Passover and the shadow it represented of Yeshua’s death on the cross.

In Shemoth (Exodus) 12:7-14 we read the following concerning YHWH’s Passover and the lamb.

7 Moreover, they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel of the houses in which they eat it. 8 They shall eat the flesh that same night, roasted with fire, and they shall eat it with unleavened bread [m]and bitter herbs. 9 Do not eat any of it raw or boiled at all with water, but rather roasted with fire, both its head and its legs along with its entrails. 10 And you shall not leave any of it over until morning, but whatever is left of it until morning, you shall burn with fire. 11 Now you shall eat it in this manner: with your loins girded, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and you shall eat it in haste—it is the Lord’s Passover. 12 For I will go through the land of Egypt on that night, and will strike down all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments—I am the Lord. 13 The blood shall be a “sign” for you on the houses where you live; and when I see the blood I will pass over you, and no plague will befall you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.14 ‘Now this day will be a memorial to you, and you shall celebrate it as a feast to the Lord; throughout your generations you are to celebrate it as a permanent ordinance. 

Most Bible teachers understand this passage in verse 13 to have a future fulfillment in the Messiah Yeshua (Jesus) who will be The Lamb of God as proclaimed by John the Baptist. This understanding is correct and has a stronger understanding in the ancient Hebrew picture for the word “sign” in verse 13. Let us take a look at the ancient Hebrew character for the word “sign” below.


ancient_tav               ancient_vav              ancient_aleph

TAW               WAW           ALEPH


Starting from right to left we see the first Hebrew picture the aleph which is an ox in Hebrew and has a meaning of a strong leader. The second Hebrew picture is the waw and is the picture of a nail. The final Hebrew picture is the taw and is the picture of the cross which symbolizes a covenant in Hebrew.

This is the Hebrew word “oht” for the English translation of “sign”. The literal Hebrew picture and meaning is “The leader nailed to the cross”. The sign that was given was the future Messiah Yeshua (Jesus) who was to die on the cross and be the blood sacrifice and the lamb for the world. This same Hebrew word for “sign” is also found in Isaiah 7:14 as a “sign” from YHWH himself.

We must never forget the sacrifice that was made by Yeshua (Jesus) for us this Passover season. The true meaning of Passover was shown thousands of years before Yeshua through the ancient Hebrew language and pictures. Remember the words of Yeshua,

“This is my blood of the New Covenant which is poured out for many for forgiveness of sins” Matthew 26:28


Al Garza PhD

The Hebrew



Ancient Hebrew


When we look at the word “redeem” we should already be thinking about how Yeshua redeemed us from our sins by his death and suffering. The redemptive plan of salvation comes from the understanding that the Messiah had to suffer and die for the sins of Israel. But what does the ancient Hebrew word for redeem tell us about this plan of salvation?

The Hebrew word for redeem is ga’el and has a very strong prophetic meaning behind the Hebrew pictures that make up this word. Below is the ancient Hebrew pictures for the word redeem.

Image ancient_alephpaleo_gimel

Lamed     Aleph          Gimel

In Hebrew we read this from right to left starting with Gimel. In ancient Hebrew the Gimel is a picture of a camel’s hump and comes from the Hebrew word for camel, “Gamal”. It shows a “lifting up”. The next to two pictures in ancient Hebrew make the word “El” and shows the picture of an ox and a shepherd’s staff. The word aleph means ox and represents strength and leadership while lamed means “to goad i.e. to teach” the staff being an incentive. The word “El” which is translated as “God” really means “the strong shepherd” or “the mighty shepherd”. When these pictures are put together we have the word redeem by the Hebrew pictures “God lifted up”. To be redeemed God needs to be lifted up. This lifting up is not about praising God but about putting him to death. In John 12:32 we read the following;

“And I, if I am lifted up from the land, shall draw all unto Myself” 

This lifting up in John 12 is a picture of Yeshua being put to death as explained in John 12:33.

“This he said, signifying by what death He was about to die”

When Yeshua is lifted from the land then we will be redeemed! This is a picture of his death on the cross, “God lifted up” is being redeemed by Yeshua and his death. El or God is Yeshua who was lifted up for us! This is what being redeemed is all about!

“[Yeshua]…who gave himself for us, to redeem (ga’el) us from all lawlessness and to cleanse for himself a people, His own possession ardent for good works” (Titus 2:14)

This can also be read as, “…to redeem and be lifted up for us to cleanse us from all lawlessness…” This is the true picture and understanding of what it means to be redeemed by God. In the TaNaKh or the Old Testament we read this prophetic passage regarding the word redeem.

“Therefore say to the children of Israel; I am YHWH; I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will rescue you from their bondage, and I will redeem (Ga’el) you with an outstretched arm…” (Exodus 6:6)

You have been redeemed with an outstretched arm by the crucifixion of Yeshua our King Messiah! The word “redeem” gives us the whole picture of the gospel and redemptive plan of God through Yeshua. We should never forget what God has done for us through the love of his son Yeshua our redeemer and King. Shalom and God bless.

A.Garza PhD

Ancient Hebrew

Oneness And Fire:The Secret of Echad In Man And Woman.

To fully understand the ancient Hebrew language and how the word pictures express the connection of YHWH to us we need to give an example from the ancient Hebrew itself. We need to experience YHWH and not just read about him from the mind. The question I am asked is how we can be one with our wife and one with YHWH? Shaul says this is a secret in Eph’siyim 5:31-32. What is the secret of the oneness of a man and a woman in YHWH? Let us begin with the Hebrew word for “man” and “woman”



This is the Hebrew word “eesh” and is the word for “man”. It is read from right to left starting with the aleph.



This is the Hebrew word “eesha” and is the word for “woman”. It is also read from right to left starting with the aleph.

When we remove the letter YOD from the Hebrew word for man and remove the HEY from the Hebrew word for woman we make the Hebrew word “Ya” (YH) which in Hebrew is the short form of YHWH, the very name of Elohim.



The above Hebrew is the short form of YHWH which you can find in Isaiah 12:2. The very name of YHWH was put in both man and woman when they come together in union. But what happens when we remove the same Hebrew letters that make his name? What is left?



If we remove the very Hebrew letters that make the name YHWH we are then left with the Hebrew word “esh” which is the word for “fire”. The ancient Hebrew picture for “fire” is “strong devour”. This oneness between a man and a woman as written in Genesis (Bereshit) 2:24 and in Ephesians (Eph’siyim) 5:31-32 shows us the mystery that Shaul (Paul) speaks about in Eph’siyim 5 with regards to the Messiah and the church. The Messiah being the groom and the church being the bride. The Messiah is YHWH as a man, with the letter “yod”, in the flesh. The church being the bride or the woman, with the letter “hey”, that unites with Him as one (echad).

A man or a woman who is without YHWH is a man or a woman living a life of fire and distress. It is only when we take back what was intended from creation, the very person of YHWH, that we will experience the essence of Him in our lives. It is also the very reason we look for a wife or a husband who bares the very letter of His name so that we may join together ourselves with YHWH and become one (echad) with each other, three in one (echad).

We must also remember that if we choose to live without YHWH and live in fire, which is a form of judgment in the TaNaKh, YHWH will give us over to our burning desire of the flesh. This is what Shaul speaks of in Romiyim 1:26-27. If man joins himself with man and woman with woman then you will have fire with fire mixing and burning in judgment in this life. No rest will come of this. The “strong devour” will be a double portion.

Shalom, Al Garza PhD

The Jewish


One of the questions I receive when speaking to someone about sin and death is, “When did death enter into creation? Was death always around or did it come at the fall?” These questions are important because many pastors teach that sin and death came into creation at the fall and was not present from the beginning. I will be answering these questions from the Hebrew text and explain the only possible interpretation for these answers from the Hebrew. Let us look at the verses in question and see what the Hebrew has to say.

וּמֵעֵץ, הַדַּעַת טוֹב וָרָע–לֹא תֹאכַל, מִמֶּנּוּ:  כִּי, בְּיוֹם אֲכָלְךָ
מִמֶּנּוּ–מוֹת תָּמוּת

This passage in the Hebrew scripture is Bereshit (Genesis) 2:17. It says in the English translations,

“but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it; for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.'”

So Elohim tells the man that if he eats from the tree of knowledge of good and evil then he will surely die, “mot tamut” in Hebrew. This phrase, “you will surely die” in Hebrew expresses in time and not an immediate death or a sudden death. In other words, adam would eventually die if he ate from that tree. But how? Before we answer that question lets see what the serpent told the woman at that same tree.

וַתֹּאמֶר הָאִשָּׁה, אֶל-הַנָּחָשׁ:  מִפְּרִי עֵץ-הַגָּן, נֹאכֵל וּמִפְּרִי הָעֵץ, אֲשֶׁר בְּתוֹךְ-הַגָּן–אָמַר אֱלֹהִים לֹא תֹאכְלוּ מִמֶּנּוּ,
וְלֹא תִגְּעוּ בּוֹ:  פֶּן-תְּמֻתוּן

“And the woman said unto the serpent: ‘Of the fruit of the trees of the garden we may eat; but of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said: Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die.” (Bereshit 3:2-3)

First we must see that the woman got it wrong according to the Hebrew text. The woman said, “you will die”, temutun in Hebrew. This means immediate and sudden death. Elohim told adam that he would, “mot tamut”, in time die and not a sudden or immediate death. The woman did not fully understand what Elohim had told adam. Now the serpent responds with,

וַיֹּאמֶר הַנָּחָשׁ, אֶל-הָאִשָּׁה:  לֹא-מוֹת, תְּמֻתוּן כִּי, יֹדֵעַ אֱלֹהִים, כִּי בְּיוֹם אֲכָלְכֶם מִמֶּנּוּ, וְנִפְקְחוּ עֵינֵיכֶם;
וִהְיִיתֶם, כֵּאלֹהִים, יֹדְעֵי, טוֹב וָרָע

“And the serpent said unto the woman: ‘Ye shall not surely die; for God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as God, knowing good and evil.’ “ (Bereshit 3:4-5)

The serpent corrected the woman and told her that she will not suddenly or immediately die, “Lo mot temutun”, as she was thinking. The serpent did tell her the truth that if she ate from the tree of knowledge then her eyes will be open and she would be like Elohim, knowing good and evil. The serpent deceived the woman with the truth of Elohim. But what happened next is very interesting and always overlooked in the text. When the man took the from the woman and ate Elohim kicked them out of the garden and did something very interesting to keep them from going back in.

“And the LORD God said: ‘Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil; and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever.’ Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken.So He drove out the man; and He placed at the east of the garden of Eden the
cherubim, and the flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way to the tree of life.”
(Bereshit 3:22-24)

Elohim placed the cherubim at the east of the garden to keep them from eating from the tree of life. The tree of life was the source of life from the beginning to keep them from dying. Without the taking from the tree of life they would have died long ago and now because they sinned against Elohim they were removed from the garden and forbidden to eat from the tree of life again. In doing so they would now die in time. Death was always present with man but the tree of life kept death away from man. If this was not so then why did Elohim block the east entrance where the tree of life was? Why did he kick them out and put the cherubim there? It was to keep them from eating from the tree of life and living even though they sinned against Him. The Hebrew and the context as a whole could not be more clear. The Hebrew understanding and grammar cannot be challenged.

Yeshua speaks of the tree of life in the book of Revelation and says plainly,

“Blessed are those who wash their robes, so that they may have the right to the tree of life, and may enter by the gates into the city” (Revelation 22:14)

How? “With the blood of the lamb” (Rev. 7:14), that is, through the atoning work of Yeshua the Messiah, so that their robes are “white”

Published by The Jewish, written by Al Garza PhD

The Jewish

Answering Psalm 110:1

Psalm 110 and the DSS

Explaining Psalm 110:1 from the view of the Dead Sea Scrolls.

There has been a great debate among scholars on what Psalm 110:1 says. Does it say, “to my Lord” (Adoni in Hebrew) or does it say, “to LORD” (Adonai in Hebrew)? Anyone who has studied Hebrew long enough knows that the vowel points in Hebrew that make Adoni came from the Masoretic text between the 7th and 10th century CE. The Hebrew word Mesorah refers to the transmission of a tradition. The vowel points that were added in the MT are based on a traditional belief and denial of the deity of the Jewish Messiah Yeshua. I believe by looking back to the Dead Sea Scrolls and seeing how the Hebrew word was used we can finally see what the intent of the author had in mind.

The Hebrew word in the MT of Psalm 110:1 with the vowel points is Adoni, A-D-N-Y. The Hebrew letters used without the vowel points is A-D-N-Y, the very same letters used for both. Adoni is believed to only mean master and not used of YHWH directly though the Hebrew root “adon” can be used for both man and God. The claim is that this word is only referred to men and angels only. We do not have a complete reading of the DSS on Psalm 110:1 but we can look at other texts in the DSS and see if we can find the usage of A-D-N-Y, without the vowel points, to YHWH God himself. Remember, there were no vowel points in the DSS, so if we can find the usage of A-D-N-Y like the one in Psalm 110:1 and that usage is directed to YHWH God then we can know for sure that the writers of the DSS saw no distinction of the word.

If we look at Isaiah 21:16 in the DSS we find the following below directed and speaking about YHWH, see verse 17. Also below the Isaiah passage, you will see the Psalm 110:1 passage with vowel points added much later.

“For thus has the Lord (ADNY) said to me, Within a year, according to the years of a hireling, and all the glory of Kedar shall fail;”

כי-כה אמר אדני אלי בעוד שנה כשני שכיר וכלה כל-כבוד קדר DSS

“A Psalm of David. The Lord says to my Lord (ADNY), Sit at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool”  

לְדָוִדִמְזמֹורְנֻאםיְהוָה לַ אֹדִניׁ שֵבלִיִמינִיעַד-ָאׁשִיתֹאְיבֶיךֲָהדֹםְלַרגְֶליךָ MT

DSS and the MT

We need to remember that the Psalm passage has the prefix Lamed in Hebrew and it means “to”. There is no difference in the Hebrew spelling for each word. Both use A-D-N-Y in the passage. Isaiah is using the same Hebrew word and is speaking about YHWH God of Israel in verse 17. The MT added the vowel points to Psalm 110 in order to change the true meaning of the word. Now let us compare Psalms 110:1 with and without the vowel points.

 “A Psalm of David. The Lord (YHWH) says to my Lord (ADNY), Sit at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool.”

א.לְדָוִדִמְזמֹורְנֻאםיְהוָה לַ אֹדִניׁ שֵבלִיִמינִיעַד-ָאׁשִיתֹאְיבֶיךֲָהדֹםְלַרגְֶליךָ:

לדוד מזמור נאם יהוה ל אדני שב לימיני עד-אשית איביך הדם לרגליך:


When reading the very next passage in Psalm 110:1 we can see, “Sit at my right hand…” This is agreed by all to be the Messiah who will sit at the right hand of God. But if this is the Messiah who will sit at the right hand and if it’s not Adonai as suggested then how can verse 5 say, “ADONAI  [qamets] (YHWH) at your right hand” The one at the right hand according to verse 1 is the Messiah who is, according to the MT, “adoni” “master”. Is it possible that the MT is incorrect in having the vowel points to say, “adoni” or “master” when verse 5 tells you its ADONAI or YHWH? The evidence is clear from above and the context of verse 5 that the original meaning should have been ADONAI [qamets] and not Adoni.

NOTE: The Aramaic Targum of Psalm 110:1 reads in the following way,

“YHWH said to his Word (Memra)…”


When we look at how the rest of the scripture and the uses of A-D-N-Y without the vowel points one will notice that there are no distinctions between Psalm 110:1 and the rest of the TaNaKh. Isaiah uses the very same word in Hebrew for YHWH God throughout his book. The DSS was the language of their time not the MT with vowel points. I challenge anyone to go through the book of Isaiah and see the many places where A-D-N-Y is used without the vowel points in connection with YHWH God. A-D-N-Y without the vowel points does refer to YHWH God. The vowel points are man-made and have no place in the historical ancient language of the Hebrew.

Yeshua made the claim that he could not just be a man from the line of David if David calls the Messiah in Psalm 110:1 Lord, (Mark 12:35-37). The Messiah in Psalm 110 is shown to have existed prior to the incarnation and David addresses him directly. Yeshua claims to be the Messiah in Psalm 110:1 that David is speaking about. The issue of Adoni and Adonai is irrelevant if the Messiah pre-existed as Yeshua claims. For more on the preexistence of the Messiah see the blog and Genesis 1:1-4 and John 1:1-5 connection.

By The Hebrew, written by Dr.Al Garza